Epidemiological analysis of human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease between 2010 and 2019
Keywords:HIV, Internação por HIV, Mortalidade por HIV
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) had its history changed due to new technologies and drugs that made it possible to increase the life expectancy of infected patients. However, it is possible to raise the hypothesis that the inequalities of the public networks of each Brazilian state can affect the treatment of this disease, leading to a greater mortality. Objective: Analyzing the evolution of hospitalizations and deaths in Brazilian regions in relation to HIV between 2010 and 2019. Methods: literature review (qualitative type) and observational, quantitative, descriptive and transversal collection, carried out from information contained in Datasus. The bibliographic study was carried out in the Scielo and Pubmed depositories, finding 68 studies and selecting 15 for the discussions proposed herein. Results: These studies showed, as a result, that the rate of transmission, hospitalization and death from HIV in Brazil is still very high, especially in the Southeast and Northeast regions, with deaths remaining very stable despite existing treatment. These data showed to be convergent with bibliographic information from the studies discussed herein. Conclusion: despite the great possibilities of treatments for HIV, there are significant differences in each state, due to sociocultural issues and access to health care.