Severe monkeypox case associated with recent laboratory diagnosis of HIV: case report
Keywords:HIV, Monkeypox, STI, Syphilis
Introduction: Monkeypox is a zoonosis caused by the smallpox virus.
The first confirmed human case was in 1970, when the virus was isolated from a child in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since the beginning of May 2022, a large and unexpected outbreak has been documented globally, with the first cases initially described in the UK reaching around 70 countries today. The causes of this explosive increase in patients are not well understood, but exceed more than ten thousand10,000 infected by the third week of July 2022. Clinical and epidemiological presentations have been distinct from endemic cases and from small outbreaks previously described in non- endemic areas. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the evolutionary and epidemiological, clinical characteristics of Monkeypox and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in a patient treated at an STI/AIDS Reference Service in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: information contained in this study was obtained through a review of the medical records, interviews with the patient, photographic record of the diagnostic methods, to which the patient was submitted and review of the literature. Results: A Brazilian man, with no epidemiological history of travel who was diagnosed with Monkeypox virus through polymerase chain reaction. At the same time of this diagnosis, he received a laboratory diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus, Chlamydia Urethritis, and Late Latent Syphilis. Conclusion: To reduce the risk of the dissemination of Monkeypox, strategies at the public health level are necessary, with the dissemination of information and the development of prevention projects with targeted information and recommendations for vulnerable populations, especially men who have sex with men, with great prudence, seeking not to favor the development of stigmas as already experienced at the beginning of the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic.