The risk of genital infections in women using intrauterine device

Authors

  • Gustavo Gomes Martins
  • Tiago Tomaz
  • Caio Lucio de Andrade
  • Warner Campos
  • José Eleutério Junior

Keywords:

intrauterine devices, reproductive tract infections, cytology

Abstract

Introduction: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are widely used contraceptive methods that have a possible association with lower genital tract infections. Objective: To assess whether IUD is associated with genital tract infection and which pathogens cause it. Methods: Systematic review of studies in PubMed database, Highwire-Stanford, and Google Scholar using the following keywords: “cytology IUD,” OR “IUD AND cytology” OR “cytology” OR “cytological techniques,” OR “cytological AND techniques,” OR “cell biology,” OR “cell” and “biology”. Results: Sixteen out of the 2,817 initial articles were selected using the inclusion criteria. On the basis of these studies, the microorganisms that can colonize the IUD, the main acute pelvic inflammatory disease occasioner is Actinomyces spp. There is a risk 14 times greater of the presence of Actinomyces spp. in IUD users than in non-users. However, there would be a higher apparent depuration of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among copper T users. Conclusion: There is an association between the use of IUD and some genital infections such as bacterial vaginosis; however, more evidently associated with Actinomyces spp. There is a possible higher depuration of infection by HPV among copper T users.

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Author Biographies

Gustavo Gomes Martins

School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Tiago Tomaz

School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Caio Lucio de Andrade

School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Warner Campos

School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

José Eleutério Junior

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Medicine, UFC – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil

Published

2022-04-20

How to Cite

Martins, G. G., Tomaz, T., Andrade, C. L. de, Campos, W., & Eleutério Junior, J. (2022). The risk of genital infections in women using intrauterine device. Brazilian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 28(2), 61–63. Retrieved from https://bjstd.org/revista/article/view/753

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Section

Original Article