A look at the factors of vulnerability of adolescents to HIV/AIDS

Authors

  • Giulianna Soares Garcia Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Fátima Maria da Silva Abrão
  • Lorrayne Félix de Lima
  • Jeferson Barbosa Silva
  • Luciana Dantas Farias de Andrade Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

Keywords:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, vulnerability, adolescents

Abstract

Introduction: Adolescence is considered a phase of intensive biopsychosocial changes. With contemporaneity, you can see teenagers in the splendor of this phase experience sexuality actively, often hiding the practice from parents, guardians, and friends. This fact, coupled with the lack of policies directed to the care of adolescents, has favored the increasing number of cases of infection by HIV/AIDS in Brazil. Objective: To identify trends in the scientific literature about the vulnerability factors that predispose adolescents to contracting HIV/AIDS. Methods: This is a study of integrative review, conducted by consulting the Virtual Health Library (VHL), the databases are used: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS). Articles were consulted covering the period 2009-2014, and they were prepared, analyzed and described in a specific table. Results: For the development of the present study, 11 items were selected, respecting the prioritization criteria. Vulnerability factors found in the texts were enrolled satisfactory for the purposes of the study, and therefore elementary to make this review. Among the most commonly found in the performed readings, insufficient or erroneous knowledge of adolescents about HIV infection/AIDS stands out. Conclusion: The method used was effective for accomplishment of our objectives. Results presented throughout the review show that knowing the increasing vulnerability of adolescents to HIV/AIDS allows that actions for this audience are guided by integrating family, school, health facilities, and other environments in which adolescents are inserted so that risks are identified and reduced by determining appropriate strategies.

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Author Biographies

Giulianna Soares Garcia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Nurse; Master’s Degree in Public Policies from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) – Recife (PE), Brazil.

Fátima Maria da Silva Abrão

PhD in Nursing from the Nursing School of Ribeirão Preto at Universidade de São Paulo (EERP/USP) – Ribeirão Preto (SP); Coordinator of the Master’s Degree Course in Nursing of the Graduation Association Program in Nursing of Universidade de Pernambuco/Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UPE/UEPB) – Campina Grande (PB), Brazil.

Lorrayne Félix de Lima

Nurse; Master’s Degree in Nursing by the Graduation Association Program in Nursing of UPE/UEPB – Campina Grande (PB), Brazil.

Jeferson Barbosa Silva

Nurse; Master’s Degree in Nursing by the Graduation Program in Nursing of Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB); Member of the Group of Studies and Researches in Mental and Community Health (GEPSMEC) – João Pessoa (PB), Brazil.

Luciana Dantas Farias de Andrade, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande

PhD in Psychology by the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES) – Vitória (ES); Professor in the Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG) – Cuité (PB), Brazil.

Published

2022-03-28

How to Cite

Garcia, G. S., Abrão, F. M. da S., Lima, L. F. de, Silva, J. B., & Andrade, L. D. F. de. (2022). A look at the factors of vulnerability of adolescents to HIV/AIDS. Brazilian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 25(4), 177–182. Retrieved from https://bjstd.org/revista/article/view/757

Issue

Section

Original Article