Sazonal frequency of bacterial vaginosis and candida sp in pap smears observed in a private laboratory in Fortaleza, Brazil, from 2012 to 2015

Authors

  • Angeline Maria Holanda Pascoal da Silva Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC
  • Juliana Teles Medeiros Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC
  • Renata Mírian Nunes Eleutério
  • José Eleutério Junior
  • Mauro Romero Leal Passos Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF
  • Ana Katherinne Silveira Gonçalves Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Paulo César Giraldo Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP

Keywords:

seasons, vaginitis, vaginosis, bacterial, Candida

Abstract

Introduction: The most frequent gynecological complaints are associated with genital infections, which affect the vaginal microbiota, i.e., vaginitis and vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by a change of the vaginal microbiota from aerobic bacteria to anaerobic bacteria. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a disorder caused by the abnormal growth of yeast type fungi in the mucosa of the female genital tract. Objective: To identify the frequency of BV and Candida sp in Pap (Papanicolaou) smears in a city of Northeastern Brazil, according to the months of the year for a period of four years. Methods: Study of the frequency of the identification of BV and Candida sp in the oncotic cytology tests carried out in the Professor Eleutério Laboratory database in the city of Fortaleza from 2012 to 2015. Results: The average age of the evaluated cases was 34.7 years, varying from 14 to 54 years of age. In 2012, August was the month with a higher frequency of BV (62.96%), and the month of March had the highest frequency of Candida sp (42.35%). In 2013, BV was more prevalent in September (61.98%) and Candida sp in August (47.26%). In 2014, however, the month of June showed most often BV (60.47%) and September had a higher frequency of Candida sp (43.30%). In 2015, it was April the month in which BV was most detected (60.30%), and in June, Candida sp (41.85%). Conclusion: The frequency of bacterial vaginosis was higher than that of Candida sp during four years. The months with the highest frequency of identified pathogens were June, August and September; however, there were no major changes throughout the year.

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Author Biographies

Angeline Maria Holanda Pascoal da Silva, Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC

Medical School of the Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Juliana Teles Medeiros, Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC

Medical School of the Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Renata Mírian Nunes Eleutério

Faculty of Pharmacy of the UFC – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

José Eleutério Junior

Maternal and Child Health Department of the UFC – Fortaleza (CE), Brazil.

Mauro Romero Leal Passos, Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Microbiology and Parasitology Departments of the Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) – Niterói (RJ), Brazil.

Ana Katherinne Silveira Gonçalves, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) – Natal (RN), Brazil.

Paulo César Giraldo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) – Campinas (SP), Brasil.

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Published

2017-03-05

How to Cite

Silva, A. M. H. P. da, Medeiros, J. T., Eleutério, R. M. N., Eleutério Junior, J., Passos, M. R. L., Gonçalves, A. K. S., & Giraldo, P. C. (2017). Sazonal frequency of bacterial vaginosis and candida sp in pap smears observed in a private laboratory in Fortaleza, Brazil, from 2012 to 2015. Brazilian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 29(2), 50–53. Retrieved from https://bjstd.org/revista/article/view/797

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Original Article