Vulnerability of adolescents to sexually transmitted infections

Authors

  • Raisa Evaly Alves de Rezende
  • Rosane Silvia Davoglio
  • Caroline Ferreira de Oliveira
  • Acássio dos Santos Amorim Viana
  • Artur Alves da Silva
  • Ananda Ariane Januário do Nascimento
  • Tárcia Rita Davoglio

Keywords:

adolescents, sexually transmitted diseases, counseling, aids

Abstract

Introduction: Adolescents are especially susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, with approximately 1/7 of all new cases of human immunodeficiency virus infection in this group. Objective: To investigate the vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections among adolescents of the Centers for Testing and Counseling for Sexually Transmitted Diseases / Aids, CTAs, in the city of Juazeiro, state of Bahia, Brazil, from 2006 to 2012. Methods: This was an exploratory cross-sectional study that used secondary data from 1,173 adolescents. Data analysis was processed in Stata 9.0 software by descriptive statistics and Pearson’s χ2 test. Results: There was predominance of female adolescents (56.86%), brown (22.85%), single (80.22%), with 8–11 years of education (44.76%) and stable partner (56.78%). The prevalence of sexually transmitted infections was of 5.88%, and there was statistically significant association with sex (more prevalent among girls; p=0.014), education (more common among the less educated; p=0.031) and marital status (more frequent among married/common-law; p=0.036). Conclusion: Safer sex practices and later start of sexual activity combined with empowering actions, especially girls’, are important steps to reduce sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents.

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Author Biographies

Raisa Evaly Alves de Rezende

Center of Epidemiology and Health, Scholarship of Scientific Initiation of National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq),

Rosane Silvia Davoglio

Medical School, Universidade Federal do Pampa – Uruguaiana (RS), Brazil.

Caroline Ferreira de Oliveira

Center of Epidemiology and Health, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco – Petrolina (PE), Brazil.

Acássio dos Santos Amorim Viana

Center of Epidemiology and Health, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco – Petrolina (PE), Brazil.

Artur Alves da Silva

Center of Epidemiology and Health, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco – Petrolina (PE), Brazil.

Ananda Ariane Januário do Nascimento

Center of Epidemiology and Health, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco – Petrolina (PE), Brazil.

Tárcia Rita Davoglio

Humanities School, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul – Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil

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Published

2018-10-04

How to Cite

Rezende, R. E. A. de, Davoglio, R. S., Oliveira, C. F. de, Viana, A. dos S. A., Silva, A. A. da, Nascimento, A. A. J. do, & Davoglio, T. R. (2018). Vulnerability of adolescents to sexually transmitted infections. Brazilian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 30(3), 82–89. Retrieved from https://bjstd.org/revista/article/view/835

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Section

Original Article